Games

Games: Alchemy Fusion 2

Air, Earth, Fire and Water
A
1 Acid = Sulfur + Water
2 Africa = Continent + Sand
3 Air
4 Aircraft carrier = Fighter + Ship
5 Airplane = Car + Sky
6 Airship = Balloon + Hydrogen
7 Alarm clock = Bell + Watch
8 Album = Camera + Book
9 Alcohol = Fruit + Sugar
10 Algae = Life + Ocean
11 Alien = Life + Stars
12 Aluminum = Air + Metal
13 Amber = Resin + Time
14 Ambulance = Car + Hospital
15 Anchor = Chain + Ship
16 Angel = Life + Light
17 Animal = Earth + Lizard
18 Ant = Acid + Animal
19 Antarctica = Ice + Continent
20 Antibiotic = Mold + Scientist
21 Anvil = Hammer + Metal
22 Apple = Fruit + Tree
23 Apple pie = Apple + Dough
24 Aquarium = Fish + Glass
25 Arable = Earth + Tools
26 Archipelago = Island + Island
27 Ark = Boat + Animal
28 Armchair = Chair + Pillow
29 Armor = Knight + Uniform
30 Army = Soldier + Soldier
31 Arrow = Bow + Feather
32 Ash = Cigarette + Fire
33 Ashtray = Ash + Glass
34 Asia = Continent + Porcelain
35 Astronaut = Man + Moon
36 Atlas = Book + Road
37 ATM = Bank+ Money
38 Atom bomb = Uranium + Weapon
39 Aurora-borealis = Rainbow + Planet
40 Australia = Continent + County
41 Avalanche = Mountains + Snow
42 Axe = Sword + Tools
B
43 Backpack = Book + Bag
44 Bacon = Pig + Fire
45 Bacteria = Swamp + Life
46 Bag = Box + Canvas
47 Bagpipes = Bag + Flute
48 Bakery = House + Break
49 Ball = Wheel + Canvas
50 Balloon = Canvas + Fire
51 Ball-pen = Ink + Feather
52 Bamboo = Asia + Tree
53 Banana = Monkey + Fruit
54 Bandage = Blood + Canvas
55 Bank = House + Money
56 Bar = Alcohol + House
57 Barrel = Board + Rim
58 Bat = Animal + Vampire
59 Batman = Bat + Hero
60 Bat-mobile = Batman + Car
61 Beach = Sand + Sea
62 Bear = Animal + Forest
63 Beaver = Animal + Dam
64 Bed = Pillow + Wood
65 Bee = Beetle + Flower
66 Beehive = Bee + Wood
67 Beer = Alcohol + Can
68 Beet = Sugar + Seeds
69 Beetle = Bug + Earth
70 Bell=Drum+metal
71 Bench = Park + Wood
72 Bicycle = Wheel + Wheel
73 Bills = Money + Paper
74 Bird = Egg + Sky
75 Black Hole = Sun + Time
76 Blanket = Carpet + Fur
77 Blizzard = Snow + Wind
78 Blood = Needle + Man
79 Blueberries = Fruit + Grass
80 Boar = Pig + Forest
81 Board (wood) = Saw + Wood
82 Board = Chess + Board (wood)
83 Boat = Trolley + Sea
84 Bomb = Metal + Gunpowder
85 Bone = Dog + Meat
86 Bbonsai = Tree + Pot
87 Book = Paper + Man
88 Boots = Sidewalk + Skin
89 Bottle= Plastic + Glassful
90 Bouquet = Flower + Flower
91 Bow = Hunter + Wood
92 Box = Cardboard + Cardboard
93 Bread = Furnace + Dough
94 Brick = Clay + Fire
95 Bridge = Road + River
96 Broom = Dust + Tools
97 Bug = Earth + Plankton
98 Bulb = Glass + Electricity
99 Bullet = Firearm + Arrow
100 Bunker = House + Earth
101 Butterfly = Air + Bug
C
102 Cable = Rope + Electricity
103 Cactus = Desert + Tree
104 Cage = Aquarium + Metal
105 Calendar = Paper + Time
106 Camel = Animal + Desert
107 Camera = Drawing + Microprocessor
108 Camera Lens = Camera + Lens
109 Campfire = Grill + Wood
110 Can = Aluminum + Glassful
111 Canal = Road + Ship
112 Canary = Mine + Bird
113 Candle = Wax + Fire
114 Candlestick = Candle + Silver
115 Candy = Caramel + Stone
116 Candyfloss = Sugar + Cotton
117 Canned = Metal + Metal
118 Cannon==Pipe+gunpowder
119 Canvas = Cotton + Tools
120 Caoutchouc = Tree + Juice
121 Cape = Hero + Clothes
122 Car = Combustion engine + Wheel
123 Caramel = Sugar + Fire
124 Carbon dioxide = Man + Air
125 Cardboard = Paper + Paper
126 Cards = Gambling + Paper
127 Carousel=Wheel+toys
128 Carpet = Canvas + Drawing
129 Carriage = Horse + Trolley
130 Carrot=Vegetables+Arable
131 Case = Skin + Clothes
132 Castaway = Island + Man
133 Castle = Stone + Knight
134 Cat = Animal + Milk
135 catapult=castle+slingshot
136 Cave = Dragon + Mountains
137 Caveman = Man + Cave
138 Caviar = Fish + Egg
139 C.D. = Book + Laser
140 Cement = Dust + Fire
141 Cemetery = Grave + Grave
142 Centaur = Animal + Man
143 Ceramics = Clay + Man
144 Chain = Rope + Metal
145 Chair = Bench + House
146 Chameleon=Lizard+Rainbow
147 Champagne = Wine + Sparkling Water
148 Charlock = Seeds + Sand
149 Cheese = Milk + Fire
150 Chess=Knight+castle
151 Chess Piece=Chess+Statue
152 Chest=Case+wood
153 Chisel=Statue+tools
154 Chocolate = Cocoa + Sugar
155 Cigar = Tobacco + Tobacco
156 Cigarette = Tobacco + Paper
157 Cinema = House + Film
158 Circus = Elephant + Tent
159 Claws = Animal + Weapon
160 Clay = Swamp + Sand
161 Cliff = Mountains + Sea
162 Clip = Laundry + Wood
163 Clothes = Canvas + Man
164 Clouds = Air + Steam
165 Clown = Circus+man
166 Coal = Wood + Fire
167 Cocoa = The Caribbean + Seeds
168 Coconut = Palm + Seeds
169 Coffee=Seeds+Tea
170 Coffin = Man + Death
171 Combustion engine = Steam engine + Petroleum
172 Comet = Meteorite + Ice
173 Comics = Book + Hero
174 Compost = Hay + Time
175 Computer = Microprocessor + Tools
176 Concrete = Cement + Sand
177 Confetti = Scissors + Paper
178 Conflagration = Matches + House
179 Continent = Earth + Mountains
180 Cookies = Chocolate + Dough
181 Cork = Wood + Bottle
182 Cornflakes = Grain + Milk
183 Cotton = Feather + Farm
184 Country = Town + Town
185 Court = Ball + Grass
186 Cow = Animal + Farm
187 Cowboy = Man + Horse
188 Crayons = Pencil + Rainbow
189 Creeper = Jungle + Rope
190 Crocodile = Lizard + River
191 Crop circles = UFO + Grain
192 Crown = Hat + Gold
193 Crumbs = Bird + Bread
194 Crystals = Quartz + Mountains
195 Cup = Glassful + Porcelain
196 Cutlery = Silver + Tools
D
197 Dactyl = Palm + Fruit
198 Dam = Concrete + River
199 Day=Earth+Light
200 Death = Time + Man
201 Demon = Lava + Life
202 Deodorant=Perfume+Can
203 Desert = Sand + Sand
204 Dew=Grass+Fog
205 Diamond = Coal + Time
206 Diet = Man + Yogurt
207 Dinosaur = Animal + Fossil
208 Diver = Man + Ocean
209 DNA = Life + Brick
210 Doctor = Hospital + Scientist
211 Dog = Wolf + Man
212 Dolphin = Animal + Fish
213 Door=Padlock+House
214 Dough = Flour + Water
215 Dragon = Fire + Lizard
216 Dragonfly = Fly + Lake
217 Drawing = Crayons + Paper
218 Dream = Man + Sand
219 Drink=Alcohol+Juice
220 Drum = Canvas + Ceramics
221 Dry ice= ice + carbon dioxide
222 Duck = Bird + Water
223 Dunes = Sand + Mountains
224 Dust = Earth + Wind
E
225 E-mail = Latter + Computer
226 Eagle = Bird + Mountains
227 Earth
228 Earthquake = Volcano + Energy
229 Earthworm=Bug+Rope
230 Ebook = Book + Computer
231 Eclipse = Earth + Moon
232 Eel = Snake + Electricity
233 Egg = Stone + Life
234 Eiffel tower = Metal + Skyscraper
235 Electricity = Metal + Energy
236 Elephant = Animal + Fang
237 Energy = Fire + Fire
238 Envelope= Letter + Paper
239 Explosion=fire+gunpowder
F
240 Factory = House + Tools
241 Fan = Wind + Paper
242 Fang = Animal + Bone
243 Farm = Arable + Man
244 Fashion = Time + Clothes
245 Fat = Oil + Meat
246 Feather = Bird + Hunter
247 Fence = Wood + Hedge
248 Fern = Moss + Swamp
249 Ferry = Ship + Car
250 Fiber = Rope + Glass
251 Fighter = Airplane + Firearm
252 Filings = Metal + Saw
253 Film = Television + Spider-man
254 Fins = Man + Fish
255 Fire
256 Firearm = Gunpowder + Weapon
257 firefighter=Man+fire
258 Firefly = Fly + Light
259 Fireworks = Asia + Gunpowder
260 Fish = Animal + Sea
261 Fisherman = Fish + Hunter
262 Fishing Rod = Bamboo + Tools
263 Flag = Canvas + Country
264 Flamethrower = Firearm + Fire
265 Fleet = Ship + Ship
266 Flood = Rain + Rain
267 Floor=House+board(wood)
268 Flour = Quern + Grain
269 Flower = Water + Seeds
270 Flute=Wind+Pipe
271 Fly = Bug + Compost
272 Foam = Soap + Water
273 Fog = Steam + Swamp
274 Forest = Tree + Tree
275 Forge = Anvil + House
276 Fossil = Animal + Time
277 Fox = Animal + Fur
278 Frame = Wood + Painting
279 French fries = Potato + Oil
280 Frog = Swamp + Lizard
281 Frosting = Sugar + Water
282 Fruit = Farm + Tree
283 Fur = Animal + Hunter
284 Furnace = Brick + Wood
285 Furniture = Screw + Wood
286 Fusion = Hydrogen + Hydrogen
G
287 Galaxy = Solar system + Solar system
288 Gale = Wind + Sea
289 Gambling = Alcohol + Money
290 Generator = Electricity + Combustion engine
291 Genie=Bottle+Ghost
292 Geyser = Earth + Steam
293 Ghost = Death + Energy
294 Giraffe = Animal + Tree
295 Glacier=Ice+wall
296 Glass = Fire + Sand
297 Glasses = Lens + Metal
298 Glassful = Glass + Man
299 Goat= mountains + animal
300 Godzilla=Lizard+radiation
301 Gold = Mine + Tools
302 Golem = Clay + Life
303 Gondola = Boat + Venice
304 Gong = Bell + Asia
305 G.P.S. = Computer + Road
306 Graffiti = Drawing + Wall
307 Grain = Arable + Seeds
308 Granary = Grain + Ceramics
309 Grape = Creeper + Fruit
310 Grass = Algae + Earth
311 Grave = Coffin + Earth
312 Greenhouse = House + Seeds
313 Grill = Coal + Metal
314 Guitar = Strings + Wood
315 Gunpowder = Coal + Sulfur
H
316 Hail = Ice + Rain
317 Hair = Fur + Man
318 Ham=Meat+smoke
319 Hammer=Wood+stone
320 Hamster = Animal + Cage
321 Hang-glider = Parachute + Airplane
322 Hangings = Windows + Canvas
323 Hat = Clothes + Straw
324 Hay = Grass + Sun
325 Hedge = Wall + Tree
326 Hedgehog = Animal + Needle
327 Helicopter = Combustion engine + Propeller
328 Helmet = Soldier + Hat
329 Hen = Bird + Egg
330 Herbs = Grass + Life
331 Hero = Dragon + Knight
332 Heron=Swamp+Bird
333 Hippo=swamp+animal
334 Honey = Beehive + Man
335 Horizon=earth+sky
336 Horse = Animal + Knight
337 Horseshoe = Horse + Metal
338 Hospital = Medication + House
339 Hourglass = Glass + Sand
340 House = Brick + Man
341 House For The Birds = Bird + House
342 Hovercraft = Ship + Air
343 Hulk = Hero + Radiation
344 Hummingbird = Bird + Flower
345 Hunter = Man + Weapon
346 Hurricane = Wind + Ocean
347 Hut = House + Stone
348 Hydrogen = Electricity + Water
I
349 Icarus = Feather + Sun
350 Ice = Glass + Water
351 Ice Cream = Ice + Milk
352 Ice sculpture=Statue+ice
353 Iceberg = Ice + Mountains
354 Igloo = House + Snow
355 Indonesia=archipelago+country
356 Infusion = Herbs + Water
357 Ink = Soot + Water
358 Internet = Computer + Net
359 Iron-man = Hero + Metal
360 Island = Sea + Volcano
J
361 Japan = Asia + archipelago
362 Jedi = Knight + Light saber
363 Jewelry = Gold + Silver
364 Juice = Fruit + Glassful
365 Jungle = Forest + Rain
K
366 Kangaroo = Animal + Australia
367 Killer = Death + Knight
368 Kimono = Clothes + Asia
369 King = Man + Castle
370 King Kong = Monkey + Skyscraper
371 Kite = Paper + Wood
372 Knife = Tools + Bread
373 Knight = Man + Sword
374 Knights Tournament = Knight + Knight
375 Koala = Bear + Australia
L
376 Laboratory = House + Scientist
377 Labyrinth = Castle + Hedge
378 Ladder= Rope + Wood
379 Lake = Water + Water
380 Lamp = Glass + Petroleum
381 Lantern = Lamp + Metal
382 Las Vegas = Desert + Town
383 Laser = Energy + Light
384 Lasso = Cowboy + Rope
385 Laundry= Clothes + Washing Machine
386 Lava = Earth + Fire
387 Leaf = Tree + Sun
388 LED=Bulb+Fiber
389 Leech = Vampire + Bug
390 Lemon=fruit+vitamins
391 lemonade = Lemon + Sparkling Water
392 Lens = Diamond + Glass
393 Leprechaun = Gold + Rainbow
394 Letter = Paper + Ink
395 Lettuce = Vegetables + Leaf
396 Library = Book + House
397 Life = Energy + Swamp
398 Light = Bulb + Electricity
399 Lighter = Matches + Metal
400 Lighthouse = Lantern + Sea
401 Lightning = Sky + Energy
402 Light saber = Sword + Light
403 Lily = Flower + Lake
404 Lion = Cat + Desert
405 Lizard = Egg + Earth
406 Locomotive = Trolley + Steam engine
407 Lollipop = Candy + Wood
408 Lunette = Lens + Lens
M
409 Magnet= Stone + Metal
410 Man = Golem + Life
411 Manga=Japan+comics
412 Manhole = Sidewalk + Steam
413 Mantis = Aquarium + Bug
414 Map = Paper + Road
415 Marble = Stone + Glass
416 Mars = Plant + Rust
417 Matches = Wood + Sulfur
418 Mayonnaise=oil+egg
419 Meadow = Grass + Grass
420 Meat = Electricity + Pig
421 Medal = Soldier + Metal
422 Medication = Herbs + Scientist
423 Metal = Fire + Stone
424 Meteorite = Stone + Solar system
425 Microprocessor = Electricity + Metal
426 Microscope = Bacteria + Lens
427 Milk = Cow + Grass
428 Mine = Mountains + Man
429 Minotaur = Man + Cow
430 Mirror = Canvas + Metal
431 Mixer = Knife + Electricity
432 Moat = Castle + River
433 Mold = Bread + Dust
434 Mole = Animal + Earth
435 Money = Factory + Gold
436 Monkey = Animal + Jungle
437 Moon = Sun + Ice
438 Mosaic = Drawing + Stone
439 Mosquito = Blood + Fly
440 Moss = Algae + Swamp
441 Moth = Butterfly + Fire
442 Motor-cycle = Bicycle + Combustion engine
443 Mountains = Earth + Earth
444 Mouse = Animal + Cheese
445 Mower = Combustion engine + Scythe
446 Mud = Dust + Water
447 Mummy = Bandage + Zombies
448 Museum = Painting + Statue
449 Mushroom = Forest + Grass
450 Music = Guitar + Man
451 Mustard = Charlock + Pressure
N
452 Necklace = Pearl + Rope
453 Nectar=Flower+butterfly
454 Needle = Cactus + Metal
455 Nest = Bird + Hay
456 Net = Rope + Rope
457 New York = Town + Statue
458 Newspaper = Camera + Paper
459 Night + Stars + Planet
460 Ninja = Samurai + Shadow
461 Nugget = Gold + Stone
O
462 Oasis = Desert + Water
463 Ocean = Water + Sea
464 Oil = Sunflower + Tools
465 Omelet = Egg + Fire
466 Opal = Stone + Rainbow
467 Orchard = Apple + Tree
468 Orchid = Flower + Jungle
469 Origami = Bird + Paper
470 Owl = Bird + Night
471 Oxygen = Tree + Carbon dioxide
P
472 Padlock = Chain + Chain
473 Painting = Crayons + Canvas
474 Palm = Island + Tree
475 Panda = Bamboo + Bear
476 Paneling = Board + Wall
477 Paper = Reed + Tools
478 Paper Airplane = Airplane + Paper
479 Paperclip = Clip + Metal
480 Paprika = Vegetables + Spices
481 Parachute = Canvas + Air
482 Paris = Eiffel Tower + Town
483 Park = Forest + Town
484 parrot = Jungle + Bird
485 Passport = Country + Paper
486 Pasta = Dough + Rope
487 Pavement = Road + Stone
488 Peacock= Bird + Rainbow
489 Pearl = Diver + Ocean
490 Pegasus = Horse + Steam
491 Pencil = Coal + Wood
492 Penguin = Bird + Ice
493 Perfume = Alcohol + Flower
494 Petroleum = Tree + Swamp
495 Pharaoh = King + Pyramid
496 Phoenix = Bird + Fire
497 Pig = Animal + Mud
498 Pigeon = Bird + Letter
499 Piggy bank = Pig + Money
500 Pillow = Canvas + Feather
501 Pineapple = Fruit + Arable
502 Pinocchio = Life + Wood
503 Pipe (smoking) = Tobacco + Wood
504 Pipe = Metal + Tunnel
505 Piranha = Fish + Meat
506 Pirates = Ship + Weapon
507 Pitchfork = Tools + Hay
508 Pizza = Cheese + Dough
509 Planet = Continent + Ocean
510 Plankton = Bacteria + Ocean
511 Plasma = Energy + Fire
512 Plastic = Metal + Petroleum
513 Plasticine = Clay + Crayons
514 Plume = Feather + Hat
515 Poison = Killer + Water
516 Polar Bear = Bear + Ice
517 Pompeii = Town + Lava
518 Pool = House + Water
519 Popcorn = Seeds + Fire
520 Porcelain = Clay + Quartz
521 Port = Ship + Beach
522 Postage Stamp = Envelope + Drawing
523 Pot = Ceramics + Flower
524 Pot (cooking) = Ceramics + Metal
525 Potato = Farm + Root
526 Power station = Dam + River
527 Pressure = Earth + Steam
528 Printing house = Book + Factory
529 Prison = Cage + House
530 Propeller = Fan + Wood
531 Pterodactyl=Bird+dinosaur
532 Pumice = Stone + Air
533 Puppet = Man + Straw
534 Puzzle = Scissors + Drawing
535 Pyramid = Desert + Skyscraper
Q
536 Quartz = Sand + Scientist
537 Quern = Wheel + Stone
R
538 Rabbit = Animal + Carrot
539 Radar = Air + Radio waves
540 Radiation = Radio waves + Radio waves
541 Radio waves = Electricity + Waves
542 Railroad tracks = Metal + Road
543 Rain = Sky + Water
544 Rainbow = Rain + Light
545 Reed = Grass + Lake
546 Reel = Wheel + Spindle
547 Refrigerator = Ice + House
548 Resin = Spruce + Juice
549 Ribs = Grill + Pig
550 Rice = Asia + Grain
551 Rim = Wheel + Metal
552 Ring = Diamond + Gold
553 Rink = Ice + Lake
554 River = Rain + Mountains
555 Road = Car + Earth
556 Roast = Fire + Meat
557 Robot = Computer + Man
558 Root = Earth + Tree
559 Rope = Yarn + Yarn
560 Rose = Flower + Needle
561 Rubber = Sulfur + Caoutchouc
562 Ruby = Diamond + Fire
563 Rum = Alcohol + Pirates
564 Rust = Metal + Water
S
565 Safe = Bank + Metal
566 Sail = Canvas + Ship
567 Sailing ship = Boat + Sail
568 Salad = Vegetables + Vegetables
569 Salmon=Fish+River
570 Salt = Sea + Sun
571 Samurai = Asia + Knight
572 Sand = Wind + Stone
573 Sandcastle = Castle + Sand
574 Sandpaper = Paper + Sand
575 Sandstorm = Sand + Wind
576 Sandwich = Meat + Bread
577 Satellite = Moon + Radio waves
578 Saturn = Rim + Planet
579 Sauna = House + Steam
580 Saw = Tools + Chisel
581 Scarab = Beetle + Gold
582 Scarecrow = Bird + Puppet
583 Scientist = Man + Library
584 Scissors = Metal + Paper
585 Scorpion = Beetle + Gold
586 Screw = Metal + Whirlpool
587 Screwdriver = Tools + Screw
588 Scythe = Grass + Scissors
589 Sea = Lake + Water
590 Sea Serpent = Dragon + Sea
591 Seagull = Bird + Island
592 Seal = Animal + Circus
593 Seeds = Life + Sand
594 Shadow = Light + Wall
595 Shark = Piranha + Sea
596 Sheep = Animal + Wool
597 Shell = Plankton + Stone
598 Shelter = House + Wood
599 Shield = Sword + Wall
600 Ship = Boat + Metal
601 Shoal = Fish + Fish
602 Shuriken = Ninja + Weapon
603 Sidewalk = Road + Man
604 Silver = Gold + Mirror
605 Siren = Man + Dolphin
606 skateboard = board + Wheel
607 Skates = Skis + Rink
608 Skin = Cow + Tools
609 Skis = Wood + Snow
610 Sky = Air + Clouds
611 Skyscraper = Glass + House
612 Sleigh = Trolley + Snow
613 Slingshot = Rubber + Bow
614 Smoke = Air + Fire
615 Snail = Bug + Shell
616 Snake = Egg + Swamp
617 Snow = Ice + Sky
618 Snow Globe = Glass + Snow
619 Snowman = Man + Snow
620 Soap = Fat + Water
621 Solar Panel=Sun+electricity
622 Solar system = Sun + Planet
623 Soldier = Firearm + Man
624 Soot = Coal + Fire
625 Space Station = Astronaut + Satellite
626 Sparkling Water = Water + Carbon = dioxide
627 Speaker = Drum + Electricity
628 Sphinx = Pyramids + Statue
629 Spices = Seeds + Herbs
630 Spider = Animal + Net
631 Spiderman = Hero + Spider
632 Spindle = Needle + Wood
633 sponge = Pumice + Canvas
634 Spruce = Tree + Needle
635 Squid = Animal + Ink
636 Stable = House + Horse
637 Stain = Clothes + Mud
638 Stained glass = Window + Rainbow
639 Stamp = Letter + Wax
640 Stars = Sun + Galaxy
641 Statue = Man + Stone
642 Steam = Fire + Water
643 Steam engine = Clouds + Metal
644 Steamer = Clouds + Ship
645 Sticks = Asia + Cutlery
646 Stone = Lava + Water
647 Storm = Electricity + Sky
648 Straw = Grain + Tools
649 Strings = Metal + Yarn
650 Sugar = Reed + Water
651 Suit=uniform+Clothes
652 Sulfur = Bacteria + Swamp
653 Sun = Energy + Hydrogen
654 Sunflower = Flower + Sun
655 Sunglasses = Glasses + Sun
656 Superman = Hero + Steam
657 Surfing = Man + Waves
658 Sushi = Fish + Rice
659 Swamp = Earth + Water
660 Sweater = Wool + Clothes
661 Sword = Metal + Tools
T
662 Tale = Book + Castle
663 Tank = Car + Firearm
664 Target = Bow + Canvas
665 Tarzan = Man + Jungle
666 Tattoo = Man + Ink
667 Tea = Cup + Herbs
668 Telephone = Microprocessor + Radio waves
669 Telescope = Galaxy + Lunette
670 Television = Drawing + Radio waves
671 Tennis = Court + Net
672 Tent = Canvas + House
673 Tequila = Alcohol + Cactus
674 Termite = Bug + Wood
675 Terrarium = Aquarium + Lizard
676 The Caribbean = Pirates + Island
677 The green lantern = Hero + Lamp
678 Thief = Man + Gold
679 Thor = Hero + Tools
680 Ticket = Circus + Paper
681 Tides = Moon + Ocean
682 Tiger = Cat + Zoo
683 Time = Hourglass + Life
684 Tire = Rubber + Wheel
685 Titanic = Ship + Iceberg
686 Titanium + Aluminum + Metal
687 Toast = Bread + Fire
688 Tobacco = Alcohol + Leaf
689 Tools = Man + Metal
690 Tornado = Propeller + Wind
691 Tower = Castle + Skyscraper
692 Town = Village + Village
693 Toys = Car + Drawing
694 Tractor = Farm + Trolley
695 Transformer = Life + Car
696 Treasure = Gold + Pirates
697 treasury= castle+ gold
698 Tree = Earth + Seeds
699 Tree House = House + Tree
700 Trolley = Wheel + Tools
701 Trout = Lake + Fish
702 Tsunami = Water + Wall
703 Tuna = Can + Fish
704 Tunnel = Cave + Road
705 Turtle = Egg + Sand
U
706 UFO = Alien + Airplane
707 Umbrella = Man + Rain
708 Uniform = Clothes + Soldier
709 Universe = Galaxy + Galaxy
710 Uranium = Metal + Radiation
V
711 Vampire = Blood + Zombies
712 Vanilla = Flower + Sugar
713 Vase = Flower + Glass
714 Vegetables = Earth + Fruit
715 Venice = Town + Sea
716 Village = House + House
717 Vinegar = Alcohol + Oxygen
718 Vitamins=fruit+medication
719 Volcano = Mountains + Lava
720 Volleyball = Beach + Net
721 Vulture = Bird + Death
W
722 Wall = Brick + Brick
723 Wallet = Crocodile + Hunter
724 War=army+army
725 Wardrobe = Clothes + House
726 Washing Machine = Clothes + Soap
727 Watch = Hourglass + Quartz
728 Water
729 Waterfall = Mountains + River
730 Watermelon = Water + Fruit
731 Waves = Lake + Wind
732 Wax = Beehive + Tools
733 Weapon = Metal + Wood
734 Werewolf = Zombies + Silver
735 Whale = Fish + Plankton
736 Wheel = Tools + Wood
737 Whirlpool = Tornado + Sea
738 Wind = Air + Air
739 Windmill = Quern + Wind
740 Window = Door + Glass
741 Wine = Grape + Alcohol
742 Wolf = Animal + Werewolf
743 Wood = Tree + Tools
744 Woodpecker = Bird + Tree
745 Wool = Cotton + Animal
Y
746 Yarn = Cotton + Reel
747 Yogurt = Bacteria + Milk
Z
748 Zebra = Africa + Horse
749 Zombies = Death + Life
750 Zoo = Animal + Fence
Computer, Games

Computer, Games: Hacked app solutions Levels 1-3 (Copied)

Level one: The Hackpad

Stage One:

input + 1;

Stage Two:

input> 0;

Stage Three:

if input < 0 {
return -input;
}
return input;

Stage Four:

abs(input);


Level two: High School Hack

Stage One:

while var_a < input {
var_b = var_b + input;
var_a++;
}
return var_b;

Stage Two:

pow(input, 2);

Stage Three:

foreach var_a in input {
var_b++;
}
return var_b;

Stage Four:

var_a = [];
while var_b < input {
var_a.push(var_b);
var_b++;
}
return var_a;


Hacked App – level three: Jailbreak

Stage One:

foreach var_a in input {
if var_a > var_b {
var_b = var_a;
}
}
return var_b;

OR

while var_a < input.length { if input[var_a] > var_b {
var_b = input[var_a];
}
var_a++;
}
return var_b;

Stage two:

foreach var_a in input {
var_b = max(var_b, var_a);
}
return var_b;

OR

while var_a < input.length {
var_b = max(var_b, input[var_a]);
var_a++;
}
return var_b;

Stage three:

while input > 1 {
input = input – 2;
}
return input;

OR

if input / 2 * 2 == input {
return 0;
}
return 1;

Stage four:

foreach var_a in input {
if var_a != input.pop {
return false;
}
}
return true;

OR

while var_a < input.length {
if input[var_a] != input[input.length – 1 – var_a] {
return false;
}
var_a++;
}
return true;


 

Latin

Latin: Latin philosophical sentences

Latin philosophical sentences:

  1. A contrariis – To the contrary (Philosophical term used in logic)
  2. A pari – For the same (Philosophical term – Argument based on the similarity and equality of the facts)
  3. A posse ad esse – From possibility to reality (Philosophical term )
  4. A posteriori – After the fact (Legal term – actions after the fact – also philosophical term: from what is before – Inductive reasoning)
  5. A priori – Before the fact (Legal term – Actions before the fact – First speech – Philosophical term: from what is before – Deductive reasoning)
  6. Ab absurdo – From the absurd (Philosophical term – used in logic to argue that the oposing position is absurd)
  7. Ab esse ad posse valet consequentia – As a consequence of the reality, it is a possibility (Philosophical term – Since it is real, it is possible)
  8. Ad verecundiam – To the venerability (Philosophical term used in logic to describe a Argumentum ad hominem fallacy, where an argument is accepted due to the respect (venerability) of the person asserting it, instead of the facts – Also known as argument to respect or argument to prestige)
  9. Aegroto, dum anima est, spes est – For the sick, while there is life, there is hope (Philosophical Term – Cicero Ad Atticum IX, 11)
  10. Alios ego vidi ventos; alias prospexi animo procellas – I’ve seen other winds; and have faced other storms (Philosophical Term – Cicero Familiares, 12, 25, 5, 12)
  11. Aliquid quo nihil maius cognitari posit – Somthing which nothing greater can be conceived (Philosophical term – Saint Anselm’s argument of the existance of God)
  12. Animula vagula blandula Hospes comesque corporis, Quae nunc abibis in loca Pallidula, rigida, nudula, Nec, ut soles, dabis iocos – Little soul, soft, wandering guest and friend of the body, you’ll go now pale, hard, bare spots and you will not play, as you usually did (Philosophical Term – these words were spoken by the emperor Hadrian Augustus, expresses the dualism body and soul, at the approach of death, longing for love games)
  13. Argumentum a pari – Argument by similarity (Philosophical term used in logic – Argument from similar propositions)
  14. Argumentum ad baculum – Argument by the cane (Legal and Philosophical term – Argument by force or threat)
  15. Argumentum ad consequentiam – Argument to the consequences (Legal and Philosophical term)
  16. Argumentum ad cruneman – Argument to the purse (Legal and Philosophical term – A fallacy that says that something must be true, because the one who asserts it is rich – Compare with argumentum ad lazarum)
  17. Argumentum ad hominen – Argument against the man (Legal and Philosophical term – A fallacy that says that attacks the one who asserts it, instead of looking at the facts )
  18. Argumentum ad ignorantiam – Argument from ignorance (Philosophical term – Fallacy that indicates that something must be true, because there is no proof to the contrary. For example, that there are extraterrestrials, because there is no evidence that proves that they do not exist)
  19. Argumentum ad lazarum – Argument to poverty (Legal and Philosophical term – A fallacy that says that something must be true, because the one who makes it is poor – Compare with argumentum ad cruneman)
  20. Argumentum ad logicam – Argument to logic (Philosophical term)
  21. Argumentum ad novitatem – Argument to novelty (Philosophical term – Argument which holds that an idea is correct or better simply because it is more modern)
  22. Argumentum ad populum – Argument to the people (Diplomatic term – Also philosophical term that refers to the fallacy to base the decision based on popularity instead of the premises)
  23. Argumentum petitio Principii – Argument of asking for the beginning (Philosophical term – Fallacy in which one person uses the conclusion as one of the premises to prove his conclusion. It is also called “begging the question”, “circular argument” and “vicious circle”. In Plato’s Phaedo, Socrates incurs such fallacy trying to prove that the soul is immortal)
  24. Artes serviunt vitae, sapientia imperat – The arts provide a service to life, wisdom governs it (Philosophical Term – Seneca, Letters to Lucilius, 85, 32)
  25. Asumpsit tuas responsabilitates – Take charge (Philosophical Term – Assume your responsibilities)
  26. Aut tace aut loquere meliora silentio – Be quiet, or say something better than silence (Philosophical term)
  27. Aut viam inveniam aut faciam – I will find the way, or I will make one (Philosophical Term – This phrase was said by Anibal when his general told him it was impossible to cross the Alps)
  28. Beatus ille quem vivere in locus amoenus et carpe diem – Fortunate is the one who lives in a pleasant place and captures the day. (Philosophical term – A mix of several famous phrases to describe a simple way of live: to be happy, without seeking more wealth than those who are around you)
  29. Cognosco melior, facio taliter I know the best, I do the worst (Philosophical term – Similar to: Do as I say, not as I do)
  30. Condicio sine qua non – Condition without which it could not be (Legal and Philosophical term)
  31. Contra naturam – Against nature (Legal and philosophical term)
  32. Cuius vita despicitur, restat ut eius praedicatio contemnatur – The one whose life is despised, his words must be condemned (Philosophical term)
  33. Cuiusvis est errare; nullius nisi insipientes, in errore perseverare – To err is inherent in every man; but to persist in error takes a fool. (Philosophical term – Cicero)
  34. Cum cetera vitia senescant in homine, sola avaritia iuvenescit – When all vices aging a man, only greed rejuvenates him (Philosophical term )
  35. Cum hoc ergo propter hoc – With this, therefore because of this (Philosophical Term – A fallacy that confuses cause and effect)
  36. Cum virtutis potestas etiam in evacuandi se potestate permaneat – With the virtue of power, even when releasing power, the power remains. (Philosophical term – Hilarius – De Trinitate 1206)
  37. Cum vita brevis sit, nolite tempus perdere – Since life is short, do not waste time (Philosophical term)
  38. De indisolubilia non disputatur – We must not continue discussing what we can not resolve or agree (Philosophical term – It is used when certain debates become endless because the contestants start from different premises or incompatible values)
  39. De nihilo nihil fit – You cannot make anything out of nothing (Philosophical term)
  40. Deus dedit, Deus abstulit – God Giveth, God Taketh Away (Philosophical term)
  41. Deus est mortali mortalem iuvare – God is a mortal that helps another mortal (Philosophical term)
  42. Dimidium animae meae – Half of my soul (Philosophical term)
  43. Docta ignorantia – On learned ignorance (Philosophical term – Title of a book by Nicolaus Cusanus)
  44. Dubito ergo cogito, cogito ergo sum – I doubt, therefore I think, therefore I am (Rene Descartes – Philosophical term)
  45. Dum luceam, peream – I perish, but I look good (Philosophical term – serves as a norm for too many people in modern society)
  46. Eadem mutata resurgo – Eadem resurgo mutata – Although changed, I will resurge (Philosophical term – Epitaph of Jakob Bernoulli)
  47. Ecce garum est – Behold garum (Philosophical term -. Phrase coined by the poet Martial (VII, 94), referring to the foul breath that people who ate garum had. Garum was a fish sauce served at the tables of high society Imperial Rome. Made with remains of fish, it was salted and left to ferment in large vats exposed to sunlight. Just like some perfumes, it came to demand high prices, as much as 500 silver coins for one liter of this sauce)
  48. Eo ipso – By that fact itself (Philosophical term – By that fact alone)
  49. Ergo – Therefore (Philosophical term used in logic)
  50. Ergo conclusus contra manichaeus – And this ends the Manichaean! (Philosophical Term – Thomas Aquinas said this at a banquet hosted by St. Louis IX of France, after expressing a conclusive argument against Manichaeism, which then spread through Europe)
  51. Erudio Procul Imperium – I educate the empire from afar. (Philosophical term)
  52. Esse est percipi – To be is to be perceived (Philosophical term – Principle developed by the Irish philosopher George Berkeley (1685-1753)
  53. Ex nihilo nihil fit – Nothing comes from nothing (Philosophical term – Saint Thomas Aquinas)
  54. Ex pede Herculem – From Hercules’ feet (Philosophical term – very little data is needed to understand who is making a statement)
  55. Ex umbra in solem – From the shade into the sun (Philosophical term – To go from ignorance to knowledge – Motto of the University Santa Maria, Chile)
  56. Facilius est paupertatem laudare quam ferre – It is easier to praise poverty than to endure it (Philosophical term – Seneca)
  57. Facito aliquid operis, ut te semper diabolus inveniat occupatum – Always do something, so the devil will find you busy (Philosophical term – Similar to “Idle hands are the devils playground”)
  58. Fortis est non pertubaris in rebus asperis – The strong do not falter in adversity (Philosophical term – Cicero)
  59. Fronte capillata, post est occasio calva – Behind the front full of hair, the occasion is bald (Caton distichs 26, B, Phaedrus, Fables, 5, 8 – Philosophical term)
  60. Gigni de nihilo nihil, in nihilum nil posse reverti – Nothing is generated from nothing, nothing returns to nothing (Philosophical term – Persius Satires I, 111, 83)
  61. In esse – In being (Philosophical term – Saint Thomas Aquinas – In existence – Before we are born we are in In posse. After we are born, we are In esse)
  62. In posse – In potential (Philosophical term – Saint Thomas Aquinas – In possible existence before we are born – Before we are born we are in In posse. After we are born, we are In esse)
  63. In te ipso fons est laetitiae – In yourself is the source of joy (Philosophical term – is used to show that happiness is not something external but in the interior to each person)
  64. Ipsum esse subsistens – Subsistent Being itself (Saint Thomas Aquinas – Philosophical term – Essential definition of God given by the scholastics)
  65. Iustitiae debetur quod homo homini sit deus non lupus – Justice occurs because that man is a god to man and not a wolf (Philosophical term – Francis Bacon)
  66. Labor omnia improba vincit – Hard work conquers everything (Philosophical term – Virgil – Georgics)
  67. Latrant et scitis estatint praetesquitantes estis – They bark, so you know that you are in front of them (Philosophical term – A successful person does not look back, and only seeks his goal. However, enemies will follow him and say bad things, acting like barking dogs)
  68. Lenticulae similis est, agat aut desistat – It’s like lentils, take it or leave it (Philosophical Term)
  69. Maior sum quam qui mancipium sim corporis mei – I’m too big to be a slave of my body (Philosophical term put forward as the antithesis of the old Socratic thesis that said: The body is the prison of the soul.) )
  70. Malum sed mulliere, sed necessarium malum – Women are evil, a necessary evil (Philosophical Term)
  71. Memento vivere – Remember that you are alive (Philosophical term)
  72. Modus ponendo ponens / Modus ponens – Mode that affirms by affirming (Philosophical term – Way of logical deduction: the union of two premises such as “If it rains, we will go to the beach” and “It rains”. By combining these two by Modus Ponens, it can be concluded that: “We will go to the beach”)
  73. Modus ponendo tollens – Mode which affirms by denying (Philosophical term)
  74. Modus tollendo ponens – Mode which denies by affirming (Philosophical term)
  75. Modus tollendo tollens – Mode which denies by denying (Philosophical term)
  76. Munus palpandus oios videndus – Touching with hands and seeing with eyes (Philosophical term – Expression of St. Thomas – when Christ was resurrected he was not present. When Jesus later appeared, St. Thomas said he did not believe he resurrected unless he puts his fingers in Jesus’ wound)
  77. Natura duce, errare nullo pacto potest – When nature guides us, there is no way to make a mistake (Philosophical term – The goodness of nature)
  78. Navita de ventis, de tauris narrat arator, enumerat miles vulnera, pastor ovis – The sailor speaks of winds, the plowman of bulls, the soldier counts his wounds, the shepherd his sheep. (Philosophical Term – Propertius, 2.1.43-44)
  79. Nequaquam vacui – No way, emptiness (Philosophical term -. Similar to “Horror vacui“, horror of emptiness, this reference is mainly used in architecture, although some argue that it is a Masonic or Rosicrucian principle, where nature tends to fill empty spaces)
  80. Nihil est in intellectu quod prius non fuerit in sensu – There is nothing in the intellect without first passing through the senses (Philosophical term – you cannot grasp a concept without the assistance of the experience)
  81. Nihil est sine ratione – Nothing without reason (Philosophical term – Leibniz – There is a reason for everything, all can be explained)
  82. Nihil tam absurdum, quod non dictum sit ab aliquo philosophorum (There is nothing so absurd as not to have been said by some philosopher (Philosophical term – Cícero)
  83. Non sequitur – Not following (Philosophical term used in logic – Arguments do not lead to the conclusion)
  84. Non sunt multiplicanda entia sine necessitate – We must not multiply things without a need (Philosophical term – William of Ockham, 1280-1349 – The simplest solution is probably the correct one – One of the principles in Occam’s Razor)
  85. O mihi praeteritos referat si Iuppiter annos – If only Jupiter could restore those lost years (Philosophical term – Virgil, poet)
  86. O miserum te si intelligis, miserum si no intelligis! – ¡Oh miserable you, if you understand and also if you don’t understand! (Philosophical term – Paradoxical proverb commonly expressed by the metaphysical thinkers of Rome, which spent much on trying to resolve problems and also to explain them, once they understood them)
  87. Omne quod movetur ab alio movetur – Everything that moves is moved by something else (Philosophical term – Principle of the theory of motion and causation, of St. Thomas Aquinas)
  88. Omnes volumus plus. Et plus, et plus et plurimus – We all want more. And more, and more and much more (Philosophical term – Human insatiability: “The more you have, the more you want”)
  89. Omnia cella o cella – Every living organism comes from another (Philosophical term – there is no spontaneous life)
  90. Omnia secundum litem fiunt – All things are raised by way of strife or battle (Heraclitus – Philosophical term – Prologue of Celestina)
  91. Omnis determinatio negatio est – Every determination is a negation (Philosophical term – when you say that something is something, you are implying that it is not something else)
  92. Os iusti meditabitur sapientiam et lingua eius loquetur iudicium – The mouth of the just shall meditate wisdom and his tongue tell his judgment (Philosophical term)
  93. Per accidens – By accident (Philosophical term used in logic – By external force – Compare with per se)
  94. Per se – In and of itself (Philosophical term used in logic – Essential, True without having to refer to something else – Compare with per accidens)
  95. Platon, Ciceron et sumus Aristoteles quequiderunt in profundo laquo – Plato, Cicero and the great Aristotle Sumo into a deep lake (Philosophical term – Popular song that explains Plato, Cicero and Aristotle fell into oblivion)
  96. Posside sapientiam, quia auro melior est – Possessing wisdom is better than owning gold (Philosophical term)
  97. Post hoc, ergo propter hoc – After this, therefore as consequence of (Philosophical term used in logic – another version of Cum hoc ergo propter hoc, indicates a fallacy in reasoning, the preceding events could be irrelevant to the supposed effect)
  98. Primum vivere, deinde philosophari! – Live first and philosophize later (Philosophical term)
  99. Promissio parit debitum – What’s promised is owed (Philosophical term – don’t let your mouth write a check that your butt can’t cash)
  100. Pusillior sed et fortis – We are few, but strong (Philosophical term – Also motto of an old submersible Spanish Armada)
Culture, Latin, Politics

Culture, Politics, Latin: Yes, Prime minister

2000px-Vexilloid_of_the_Roman_Empire.svg.pngyes prime minister.png

In the British TV series “Yes, Prime minister, the actors used some Latin sentence.

Latin: “Forsan miseros meliora sequentur.”

English: “for those in misery, good things will follow.”

Latin: “Timeo Danaos et dona ferentes.”

English: “I  fear Greeks even if they bring gifts.”

Latin: “Inter Alia.”

English: “Among other things.”

Latin: “Mutatis mutandis.”

English: “once the necessary changes are made.”

Latin: “Prima facie”

English: ” on its first encounter or at first sight.”

Latin: “Pro bono publico”

English: ” professional work undertaken voluntarily and without payment.”

Culture

Culture: Leadership

Leadership is defined -according to me- as maintaining the delicate balance between the team and the mission, by keeping all your team members motivated while joining forces to achieve the goal of the mission.

Leadership according to wikipedia.org

“process of social influence in which one person can enlist the aid and support of others in the accomplishment of a common task”.A definition more inclusive of followers comes from Alan Keith of Genentech who said “Leadership is ultimately about creating a way for people to contribute to making something extraordinary happen.

According to this definition, I would categorize the leaders into:

BlakeMoutonGrid.jpg

Uncategorized

Generation X,Y: Definition and Properties

Generations time line:

The time line represents the generations, is a very subjective to opinion of different sociology scientists, and differ wildly among different countries as it is related to incidents affected the Americas and Europe.

Generation timeline.png

  Figure 1: Generation timeline

 

 

Generations’ properties: [1]

Generation X

(Born: 1966-1976 – Coming of Age: 1988-1994 – Age in 2017: 41 to 51)

Sometimes referred to as the “lost” generation, this was the first generation of “latchkey” kids, exposed to lots of daycare and divorce.
Known as the generation with the lowest voting participation rate of any generation, Gen “X”ers were quoted by Newsweek as “the generation that dropped out without ever turning on the news or tuning in to the social issues around them.”
Gen X is often characterized by high levels of skepticism, “what’s in it for me” attitudes and a reputation for some of the worst music to ever gain popularity. Now, moving into adulthood William Morrow (Generations) cited the childhood divorce of many Gen Xers as “one of the most decisive experiences
influencing how Gen Xers will shape their own families”.
Gen Xers are arguably the best educated generation with 29% obtaining a bachelor’s degree or higher (6% higher than the previous cohort). And, with that education and a growing maturity they are starting to form families with a higher level of caution and pragmatism than their parents demonstrated. Concerns
run high over avoiding broken homes, kids growing up without a parent around and financial planning.

Generation Y, Echo Boomers or Millenniums

(Born: 1977-1994 – Coming of Age: 1998-2006 – Age in 2017: 23 to 40)

The largest cohort since the Baby Boomers, their high numbers reflect their births as that of their parent generation. The last of the Boomer Is and most of the Boomer II s. Gen Y kids are known as incredibly sophisticated, technology wise, immune to most traditional marketing and sales pitches…as they not only
grew up with it all, they’ve seen it all and been exposed to it all since early childhood.
Gen Y members are much more racially and ethnically diverse and they are much more segmented as an audience aided by the rapid expansion in Cable TV channels, satellite radio, the Internet, e-zines, etc.
Gen Y are less brand loyal and the speed of the Internet has led the cohort to be similarly flexible and changing in its fashion, style consciousness and where and how it is communicated with.
Gen Y kids often raised in dual income or single parent families have been more involved in family purchases…everything from groceries to new cars. One in nine Gen Yers has a credit card co-signed by a parent.

Generation Z

(Born: 1995-2012 – Coming of Age: 2013-2020 – Age in 2017: 5-22)

While we don’t know much about Gen Z yet…we know a lot about the environment they are growing up in. This highly diverse environment will make the grade schools of the next generation the most diverse ever. Higher levels of technology will make significant inroads in academics allowing for customized
instruction, data mining of student histories to enable pinpoint diagnostics and remediation or accelerated achievement opportunities.
Gen Z kids will grow up with a highly sophisticated media and computer environment and will be more Internet savvy and expert than their Gen Y forerunners.[2]

[1] http://socialmarketing.org/archives/generations-xy-z-and-the-others/

Human resources

Human resources: Human resource and competitive advantage, using the VRIO (value – rarity – imitability – organization) approach.

Introduction:

VRIO analysis:
VRIO is a business analysis framework that forms part of a firm’s larger strategic scheme. The basic strategic process that any firm goes through begins with a vision statement, and continues on through objectives, internal & external analysis, strategic choices (both business-level and corporate-level), and strategic implementation. The firm will hope that this process results in a competitive advantage in the marketplace they operate in. [1]

VRIO falls into the internal analysis step of these procedures, but is used as a framework in evaluating just about all resources and capabilities of a firm, regardless of what phase of the strategic model it falls under.

VRIO is initials for the four question framework asked about a resource or capability to determine its competitive potential:

  • The question of Value,
  • The question of Rarity,
  • The question of Imitability (Ease/Difficulty to Imitate),
  • The question of Organization (ability to exploit the resource or capability).

Once the analyst has realized the value, rarity and imitability of the company’s resources and capabilities, the next step is to organize the company in a way to exploit these resources. If done successfully, the company can enjoy a period of sustained competitive advantage.[2]

The competitive advantage:

In general, a firm has a competitive advantage when it is able to create more economic value than rival firms. Economic value is simply the difference between the perceived benefits gained by
a customer that purchases a firm’s products or services and the full economic cost of these products or services.[3]

Human resource as a competitive advantage [4]

VALUE

HR executives must start their functions with a eye on the bottom-line and address a primary question “How can HR aid in either decreasing costs or increasing revenues?”.
In today’s time when everyone is talking numbers; the HR department has to prove its worth and show that it creates value for the organizations. HR can help a firm achieve sustainable competitive advantage by creating value.

Example: FedEx, which are the market leaders in the courier business, believe people are the primary link in the value chain, and thus, value is created by focusing on employees first. HR practices should be related to employee attitudes which would be consequently related to customer satisfaction.

 

 

RARENESS

Only value alone cannot help the HR department to achieve sustainable competitive advantage for organizations. HR executives must examine how to develop and exploit rare characteristics of the firm’s human resources to gain competitive advantage. If the same characteristic of human resources is found in many competing firms, then that characteristic cannot be a source of competitive advantage for any one of them. In order to drive the strategic decisions, HR executives should being the ‘rare’ factor in the talent they recruit.

Example: Nordstrom is one of the most reputed brands in the retail sector. The recruiting process, compensation practices and culture at Nordstrom’s have helped the organization to maintain the highest sales per square foot of any retailer in the nation.

IMITABILITY

If the competitors in the business can easily imitate what you offer, then you are at loss! The HR executives must attempt to develop and nurture characteristics of the firm’s human resources that cannot easily be imitated by competitors. This essentially means leveraging on organization’s unique history or culture that helps in gaining competitive advantage. In any organization, the culture is nurtured and developed via the HR Department. Hence, by restricting and developing unique culture, executives can help firms in gaining competitive advantage.

Example: Even after purchasing the safety training programs, DuPont’s competitors are simply unable to match DuPont’s safety record. DuPont’s superior safety performance stems at least partly from its unique history that competitors find impossible to imitate.

ORGANIZATION

In order for any characteristic of a firm’s human resources to provide a source of sustained competitive advantage, the firm must be organized to exploit the resource. Organization requires developing the systems and practices that allow human resources characteristics to bear the fruit of their potential advantages.

Example: Both General Motors and Ford recruit assembly line workers from the same basic labor market. But, Ford has been more successful at developing a cooperative, team-based culture than General Motors. Clearly the HR function, through either directly controlling or strongly influencing the characteristics of human resources in organizations plays an important role in developing and maintaining a firm’s competitive advantage.

The VRIO framework enables business people in HR to transform the HR function into a contributor to firm performance rather than a drain on firm resources. Today, HR is not merely a burden on the organization and HR executives should communicate the ‘economic reason’ which compels the organizations to invite HR Executives to the strategic planning “table”.[5]

[1] (Strategic Management Insight | SMI)

[2]Barney, Jay B and Hesterly, William S. Strategic Management and Competitive Advantage: Concepts. 2005 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, New Jersey, 07458  (Barney, 2005)

[3] (Barney, 2005)

[4] (Sharma, 2012)

[5] (Sharma, 2012)